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Aura Dental

Children's Hygiene

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Aura Dental The Aura Centre
Charlbert Street, St. John's Wood, London NW8 7BT
Aura Dental £ St. John's Wood 020 7722 0040 Aura Dental

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When and how should you start promoting good oral hygiene habits for kids?

The simple answer is the sooner, the better. The sooner we start forming good dental hygiene habits for children, the greater are the chances for healthy and beautiful teeth in the future.

The most important thing in oral hygiene for children is to take care of the child's teeth from the first months of their lives. If milk teeth are healthy, there is a bigger chance for strong permanent teeth. Teaching good oral hygiene habits to children should include cleaning teeth in the morning and in the evening, having appointments with the dentist and limiting snacks between meals.

0 – 2 years
Children are born with all tooth buds but they are covered by the gums. At the beginning of creating good oral hygiene habits for children we should clean the oral cavity with a gauze swab or soft washcloth, at least two times a day. It helps to remove food remains and bacteria from the gums and mouth. During teething, which usually takes place between the 6th and 9th month of life, you should also clean the mouth with a gauze swab. After a few days from the tooth eruption, you should start brushing with a baby toothbrush with soft bristles. At first, brush only with water, then consult your dentist or paediatrician to find out when is the appropriate time to start using kids' toothpaste.

Good oral hygiene is extremely important in the first months of the baby's life, otherwise tooth decay may attack the newly erupted teeth. To avoid the so called "baby bottle tooth decay", occurring in babies fed with milk, sugared mashes and juices, one should always take away the bottle after the baby has finished eating and should not put the baby to bed with it. To take care of the gums and teeth of a baby, one should use toothbrushes intended only for the youngest, which are made of soft bristles and fitted for the baby's mouth.

When the baby turns one, they should attend their first appointment with the dentist. During the appointment the parent can check if he/she takes good care of the baby's teeth and the baby has the opportunity to get to know the dentist's practice, which will help to reduce the fear of the dentist in the future.

Over the age of 2
When the baby turns two, you should start using kids' toothpaste (containing fluoride), which helps prevents tooth decay. Apply a small amount of paste onto the brush and make sure that the baby spits out everything after brushing. Before the baby learns how to wash the mouth, after every brushing clean the teeth with a swab moistened with water. Between 3 and 4 years of age is the time when children start learning to brush their teeth on their own. It is important to choose the right toothbrush, which even in the hands of a clumsy 3-year old, will reach the places with difficult access.

Before the child turns 3, he or she should be discouraged from sucking its thumb or pacifier, so that it won't turn into a habit which may cause problems with the healthy development of the mouth and teeth. Habitual thumb or pacifier sucking in the period of teething, that is between the 6th and 12th month of life, may lead to various occlusion abnormalities, such as an open bite, which may cause discomfort during biting, and early wear of teeth. Between 3 and 5 years of age one should visit the dentist every six months because check-up appointments help the early detection of tooth decay or abnormalities in teeth, which then can be eliminated more easily.

Over the age of 6
After turning 6 years old, a crucial moment for children is when milk teeth start falling out and permanent teeth start to appear. It is advisable to prepare your child for the falling out of teeth, so that it won't feel scared when it has to give away its first tooth to the "tooth fairy".

Together with the eruption of permanent teeth, when mixed dentition occurs, the adjacent surfaces of milk molars are more prone to tooth decay. That's why parents should start using dental floss to clean those areas.

A child isn't able to take good care of its mouth, that's why parents should supervise the cleaning and flossing of the child's teeth until the age of 8-9 years. They can correct the child's moves, if required, so that it won't form bad oral hygiene habits. One should pay attention to the cleaning of the side teeth, where more plaque builds up and which most frequently aren't brushed by children because they have difficulty reaching them. It is extremely important as normally the first molar erupts at the age of 6. One should remember that after turning 6 children should use a toothpaste with up to 1500 ppm of fluoride.

How Do I Help My Children Care for Their Teeth and Prevent Cavities?
Teaching your child proper oral care at a young age is an investment in his or her health that will pay lifelong dividends. You can start by setting an example; taking good care of your own teeth sends a message that oral health is something to be valued. And anything that makes taking care of teeth fun, like brushing along with your child or letting them choose their own toothbrush, encourages proper oral care.

To help your children protect their teeth and gums and greatly reduce their risk of getting cavities, teach them to follow these simple steps:

What Brushing Techniques Can I Show My Child?
You may want to supervise your children until they get the hang of these simple steps:

When Should My Child Begin Flossing?
Because flossing removes food particles and plaque between teeth that brushing misses, you should floss for your children beginning at age 4. By the time they reach age 8, most kids can begin flossing for themselves.

What are Dental Sealants and How Do I Know if My Child Needs Them?
A dental sealant creates a highly-effective barrier against decay. Sealants are thin plastic coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of a child's permanent back teeth, where most cavities form. Applying a sealant is not painful and can be performed in one dental visit. Your dentist can tell you whether your child might benefit from a dental sealant.

What is Fluoride and How Do I Know if My Child is Getting the Right Amount?
Fluoride is one of the best ways to help prevent against tooth decay. A naturally occurring mineral, fluoride combines with the tooth's enamel to strengthen it. In many municipal water supplies, the right amount of fluoride is added for proper tooth development. To find out whether your water contains fluoride, and how much, call your local water district. If your water supply does not contain any (or enough) fluoride, your child's paediatrician or dentist may suggest using fluoride drops or a mouth rinse in addition to a fluoride toothpaste.

How Important is Diet to My Child's Oral Health?
A balanced diet is necessary for your child to develop strong, decay-resistant teeth. In addition to a full range of vitamins and minerals, a child's diet should include plenty of calcium, phosphorous, and proper levels of fluoride.

If fluoride is your child's greatest protection against tooth decay, then frequent snacking may be the biggest enemy. The sugars and starches found in many foods and snacks like cookies, candies, dried fruit, soft drinks, pretzels and crisps combine with plaque on teeth to create acids. These acids attack the tooth enamel and may lead to cavities.

Each "plaque attack" can last up to 20 minutes after a meal or snack has been finished. Even a little nibble can create plaque acids. So, it's best to limit snacking between meals.

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